Home Language Learning 100+ Most Frequent French Adjectives (And The right way to Use Them!)

100+ Most Frequent French Adjectives (And The right way to Use Them!)

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100+ Most Frequent French Adjectives (And The right way to Use Them!)

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Stylish, brunette, premiere, naive. There are a selection of French phrases—together with French adjectives—which are simply recognizable and infrequently utilized in English! When you begin finding out French, you’ll shortly study that adjectives are an effective way to make your writing and talking extra fascinating. 

There are particular belongings you’ll want to contemplate to make use of adjectives appropriately, like when do you have to use beau as an alternative of belle or petit as an alternative of petite? Or the place are adjectives positioned in a sentence? 

Being accustomed to a couple of fundamental guidelines will allow you to ensure you’re utilizing these adjectives appropriately each time. Under, we have now a listing of over 100 adjectives to get you began. And ensure not skip the grammar guidelines on the finish to actually grasp utilizing descriptive language in French.

Should you’re able to dive into mastering adjectives with out memorization, you can begin studying right this moment with Rosetta Stone. With bite-sized classes that make studying really feel enjoyable and pure, Rosetta Stone can put together you for real-world conversations out of your very first lesson

Essentially the most generally used French adjectives

French has 1000’s of adjectives, however this checklist is the right place for newbie learners to begin. Right here, you’ll discover generally used adjectives, together with their English translations for quite a lot of matters, from describing folks to figuring out colours.

French adjectives to explain an individual (bodily attributes)

French English
âgé outdated
beau good-looking, lovely
courtroom quick
grand massive
gros fats
jeune younger
joli fairly
laid ugly
lengthy lengthy
mauvais unhealthy
meilleur higher
mince skinny
petit little, small
vieux outdated
blond blond
bouclé curly
brun brunette
chauve bald
châtain mild brown
faible weak
fort sturdy
frisé wavy
mignon cute
noisette hazel
raide straight
roux red-haired

French adjectives to explain an individual (non-physical attributes)

French English
agréable nice
amusant humorous, amusing
bon good
charmant charming
egoïste self-centered
elégant elegant
heureux blissful
impatient impatient
impoli impolite
indépendant impartial
inquiet fearful
clever clever, good
mal evil
marié married
moche ugly
nouveau new
occupé busy
optimiste optimistic
affected person affected person
pessimiste pessimistic
poli well mannered
réservé reserved
sincère honest
sociable sociable
sympathique good
sympa good (shortened, extra frequent type of sympathique)
timide shy
veuf widowed

French adjectives to explain objects and locations

French English
bas low
brillant shiny
chaud scorching
cher costly
clair mild (in shade)
confortable snug
cool cool, superior
difficile troublesome
différent totally different
désagréable disagreeable
facile simple
fake false
foncé darkish (in shade)
froid chilly
haut excessive
necessary necessary
intéressant fascinating
lourd heavy
léger mild
pauvre poor
premier first
propre clear
riche wealthy
sale soiled
similaire comparable
tout all
vrai true

Colours in French

French English
blanc white
bleu blue
gris grey
jaune yellow
marron brown
noir black
orange orange
rose pink
rouge pink
vert inexperienced
violet purple

Nationalities in French

French English
algérien Algerian
allemand German
américain American
anglais English
australien Australian
belge Belgian
canadien Canadian
chinois Chinese language
espagnol Spanish
français French
haïtien Haitian
japonais Japanese
marocain Moroccan
mexicain Mexican
portugais Portuguese
suisse Swiss
russe Russian
tunisien Tunisian
vietnamien Vietnamese

Notice that the adjective types of nationalities in French are usually not capitalized.

  • He’s American = Il est américain.
  • They’re French = Ils sont français.

>>Wish to develop your vocabulary even additional? Take a look at our checklist of 100+ French phrases.  

Basic guidelines: The right way to use French adjectives appropriately

Now that you understand some French adjectives, you’ll want to know how you can use them appropriately in a sentence! Under are a number of ideas to remember when utilizing adjectives in your talking and writing.

1. Adjective placement

Most adjectives go after the noun they modify:

  • un homme gentil = a good man
  • une fleur rose = a pink flower

Nevertheless, a couple of adjectives go earlier than the noun. These are the adjectives that describe an individual or object’s magnificence, age, goodness, and dimension.

  • une jolie femme = a fairly girl
  • un vieux bâtiment = an outdated constructing
  • un bon livre = a good guide
  • un grand homme = a tall man

You should use any adjective with the verb être to hyperlink with the noun. In that case, the phrase order is all the time noun + être + adjective, whatever the adjective sort. 

  • La fleur est rose. = The flower is pink.
  • L’homme est beau. = The person is good-looking.

2. Change the ending to match noun gender and quantity

In English, nouns present singular or plural based mostly on their ending. That is pretty simple and completed by putting an “-s,” “-es” or “-ies” to the top of a phrase. 

Like English, French additionally signifies if a noun is singular or plural by altering the ending. French provides on an additional layer of issue, although. Along with quantity, nouns in French even have a grammatical gender. 

French nouns may be both masculine or female. This is applicable to each noun—not simply folks!—and as you solidify your French talking abilities, you’ll see that gender is unfair. It’s finest realized by way of repeated observe and publicity to vocabulary. 

In any case, phrases that modify nouns, like articles and adjectives, must agree in gender and in quantity. You will want to be cognizant of each as French adjective endings will usually change to mirror that settlement.

The masculine singular kind is taken into account the bottom type of an adjective; in the event you’re speaking a couple of masculine singular noun, you don’t must make any adjustments to the adjective ending.

  • a livre vert = a inexperienced guide
  • un homme américain = an American man

If the noun is female and singular, you’ll be able to often make the adjective agree by including an “-e” to the top.

  • une pomme verte =  a inexperienced apple
  • une femme polie = a well mannered girl

If the noun is plural, you too can often make an adjective plural by including an “-s” to the top.

  • les livres verts = the inexperienced books
  • les hommes américains = the American males
  • les pommes vertes = the inexperienced apples
  • les femmes polies = the well mannered girls

Exceptions to the principles 

French all the time has a couple of exceptions, and there are fairly few adjectives which have irregular spelling adjustments relying on the gender and variety of the noun.

1. French adjective settlement with irregular female varieties

We defined above that sure nouns can be female in gender, and sometimes, adjectives modifying these nouns will simply want an “-e” hooked up to the top. While you come throughout an irregular female noun, you’ll discover that sure remaining consonants can be doubled earlier than including the “-e.” Have a look a the next examples: 

n → nne

  • un homme canadien = a Canadian man
  • une femme canadienne = a Canadian girl

l → lle

  • un homme gentil = a good man
  • une femme gentille = a good girl

s → sse

  • un gros coq = a fats rooster
  • une grosse poule = a fats hen

Moreover, some endings will change barely within the female kind

x→se

  • un homme heureux = a blissful man
  • une femme heureuse = a blissful girl

f → ve

  • un homme naïf = a naive man
  • une femme naïve = a naive girl

 2. French adjective settlement for plural nouns

Fortunately, for plural settlement there aren’t any irregular endings to study to make plural adjective varieties. Nevertheless, if a singular adjective ends in x or s, don’t add an extra s to the ending to point out plural, depart it as is.

  • un homme heureux = a cheerful man
  • les hommes heureux = the blissful males
  • un gros chat = a fats cat
  • les gros chats = the fats cats

3. Working with irregular French adjectives: beau, nouveau, and vieux 

There are a couple of adjectives which have considerably totally different varieties relying on the gender and quantity. Listed below are the three very irregular adjectives which are used most regularly:

Beau = good-looking/lovely
  Masculine Female
Singular beau belle
Plural beaux belles

Listed below are a number of examples: 

  • un beau garçon = a good-looking boy
  • deux beaux garçons = two good-looking boys
  • une belle fille = a lovely woman
  • deux belles filles = two lovely ladies

And, there’s even yet one more irregular kind for this adjective! Based mostly on the desk above, it might sound logical to say: 

  • un beau homme = a good-looking man

However that is incorrect.

Usually, the French language avoids having two vowel sounds subsequent to one another, and the “o” sound in beau, adopted by the “o” sound in homme, are doing simply that. 

To keep away from this awkwardness, French has an extra kind for an adjective positioned earlier than a noun that begins with a vowel sound that’s each masculine and singular.

In these cases, you’ll take the female singular kind (belle) and drop the final two letters (le) to get the proper model of the adjective.

  • un bel homme = a good-looking man
Nouveau = new
  Masculine Female
Singular nouveaunouvel (earlier than a vowel) nouvelle
Plural nouveaux nouvelles
  • un nouveau livre  = a new guide
  • un nouvel appartement = a new condominium
  • les nouveaux livres = the new books
  • une nouvelle maison = a new home
  • les nouvelles maisons = the new homes
Vieux = outdated
  Masculine Female
Singular vieuxvieil (earlier than a vowel) vieille
Plural vieux vieilles
  • un vieux livre  = an outdated guide
  • un vieil appartement = an outdated condominium
  • les vieux livres = the outdated books
  • une vieille maison = an outdated home
  • les vieilles maisons = the outdated homes

4. Working with invariable adjectives

Lastly, there are invariable adjectives. These are phrases that preserve the identical kind regardless of the quantity or gender of the noun they modify. You’ll need to affirm {that a} modifier is certainly an invariable adjective within the context you propose to make use of it earlier than skipping settlement, however you should utilize the next clues to make an informed guess: 

Shortened types of longer adjectives are sometimes invariable. Check out how sympa (the shortened type of sympathique) is used under: 

  • les hommes sympa = the good males

Many mortgage phrases (phrases borrowed from a unique language) don’t tackle endings both. For instance, “cool” doesn’t want an “-e” or “-s” on the finish of it to agree with “ladies.”

  • les filles cool = the cool ladies

Many shade phrases derived from nouns (marron, orange, and turquoise, for instance) are additionally invariable adjectives. 

  • les livres marron = the brown books

Grasp French adjectives with Rosetta Stone

Adjective settlement in French is important to utilizing adjectives appropriately. The fundamental tips to recollect are: add an “-e” for female settlement and “-s” for plural settlement. Learners additionally must keep in mind that adjectives comply with the noun in a sentence, until it’s an adjective of magnificence, age, goodness, or dimension. 

With so many exceptions to these guidelines, adjectives could really feel just a little overwhelming. Rosetta Stone is right here to assist! Our Dynamic Immersion technique lets you study by way of context with publicity to pure language and native audio system. This helps you grasp grammar in the identical method you acquired it in your first language, as an alternative of counting on memorization. 

You can even get additional immersive observe with Rosetta Stone Tales, or take a Stay Lesson to work with a tutor on grammar or vocabulary that you just discover particularly difficult. 

Written by Denise Brown

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