Home Science Japanese Scientists Develop Novel, Utterly Stable, Rechargeable Air Battery

Japanese Scientists Develop Novel, Utterly Stable, Rechargeable Air Battery

Japanese Scientists Develop Novel, Utterly Stable, Rechargeable Air Battery


New Battery Technology Concept

Japanese researchers have developed an all-solid-state rechargeable air battery (SSAB) utilizing redox-active natural molecules for the unfavorable electrode and a proton-conductive polymer because the stable electrolyte, showcasing improved efficiency and sturdiness. This modern method has potential implications for enhancing battery life in electronics and advancing towards a carbon-free society.

On this first-of-its-kind battery, a benzoquinone-based unfavorable electrode is used alongside a stable Nafion polymer electrolyte.

Metals historically function the lively supplies for the unfavorable electrodes in batteries. Nonetheless, there’s been a shift in direction of utilizing redox-active natural molecules like quinone- and amine-based compounds as unfavorable electrodes in rechargeable metallic–air batteries, which characteristic oxygen-reducing optimistic electrodes.

Right here, protons and hydroxide ions take part within the redox reactions. Such batteries exhibit excessive efficiency, near the utmost capability that’s theoretically attainable. Moreover, utilizing redox-active natural molecules in rechargeable air batteries overcomes issues related to metals, together with the formation of constructions known as ‘dendrites,’ which impression battery efficiency, and have unfavorable environmental impression.

A Schematic Representation of the Simplified Cell Configuration and Cell Reactions of the Dihydroxy Benzoquinone Based Solid State Air Battery

Researchers have developed an all-solid-state rechargeable air battery with a dihydroxy-benzoquinone-based natural unfavorable electrode and Nafion polymer electrolyte. Credit score: Kenji Miyatake from Waseda College

Nonetheless, these batteries use liquid electrolytes—similar to metal-based batteries—which pose main security considerations like excessive electrical resistance, leaching results, and flammability.

Now, in a brand new research just lately printed in Angewandte Chemie Worldwide Version, a gaggle of Japanese researchers have developed an all-solid-state rechargeable air battery (SSAB) and investigated its capability and sturdiness. The research was led by Professor Kenji Miyatake from Waseda College and the College of Yamanashi, and co-authored by Professor Kenichi Oyaizu from Waseda College.

The researchers selected a chemical known as 2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone (DHBQ) and its polymer poly(2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone-3,6-methylene) (PDBM) as lively supplies for the unfavorable electrode as a result of their secure and reversible redox reactions in acidic circumstances. As well as, they utilized a proton-conductive polymer known as Nafion because the stable electrolyte, thereby changing typical liquid electrolytes. “To the perfect of my data, no air batteries based mostly on natural electrodes and stable polymer electrolytes have been developed but,” says Miyatake.

After the SSAB was in place, the researchers experimentally assessed its cost–discharge efficiency, fee traits, and cyclability. They discovered that, in contrast to typical air batteries that use a metallic unfavorable electrode and an natural liquid electrolyte, the SSAB didn’t deteriorate within the presence of water and oxygen. Moreover, changing the redox-active molecule DHBQ with its polymeric counterpart PDBM shaped a greater unfavorable electrode. Whereas the per gram-discharge capability of the SSAB-DHBQ was 29.7 mAh, the corresponding worth of the SSAB-PDBM was 176.1 mAh, at a relentless present density of 1 mAcm-2.

All Solid State Rechargeable Air Battery With Redox Active Organic Negative Electrode

The battery, which makes use of a polymeric dihydroxy-benzoquinone-based unfavorable electrode and a Nafion-based stable electrolyte, displays excessive Coulombic effectivity and discharge capability. Credit score: Kenji Miyatake from Waseda College

The researchers additionally discovered that the coulombic effectivity of SSAB-PDBM was 84% at a 4 C fee, which step by step decreased to 66% at a 101 C fee. Whereas the discharge capability of SSAB-PDBM was lowered to 44% after 30 cycles, by growing the proton-conductive polymer content material of the unfavorable electrode, the researchers might considerably enhance it to 78%. Electron microscopic photographs confirmed that the addition of Nafion improved the efficiency and sturdiness of the PDBM-based electrode.

This research demonstrates the profitable operation of an SSAB comprising redox-active natural molecules because the unfavorable electrode, a proton-conductive polymer because the stable electrolyte, and an oxygen-reducing, diffusion-type optimistic electrode. The researchers hope that it’s going to pave the best way for additional developments. “This expertise can lengthen the battery lifetime of small digital devices corresponding to smartphones and finally contribute to realizing a carbon-free society,” concludes Miyatake.

Reference: “All-Stable-State Rechargeable Air Batteries Utilizing Dihydroxybenzoquinone and Its Polymer because the Unfavorable Electrode” by Makoto Yonenaga, Yusuke Kaiwa, Kouki Oka, Kenichi Oyaizu and Kenji Miyatake, 2 Could 2023, Angewandte Chemie Worldwide Version.
DOI: 10.1002/anie.202304366

The research was funded by the Ministry of Training, Tradition, Sports activities, Science and Expertise (MEXT), Japan, and JKA promotion funds from AUTORACE.



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