Home Preschool Studying to Learn — Phonics & Early Studying

Studying to Learn — Phonics & Early Studying

Studying to Learn — Phonics & Early Studying


Tonight I’m delighted to introduce you to Brooke Vitale, an creator, editor, and mother, who just lately based Cost Mommy Books to function playful books for brand new readers! She is sharing info right here for us about studying to learn! (You possibly can scroll to the tip to be taught extra about her in her bio!)  

Brooke, take it away!

Studying to Learn

Studying to learn isn’t any straightforward process, and today our children are being taught at a youthful age than ever earlier than. So how can we get our children able to learn and assist them alongside the best way? By understanding the science behind studying.

The science of studying is a research-based method to literacy that focuses on 5 components: phonemic consciousness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. For the youngest readers, two of those components are key: phonemic consciousness and phonics.

What Is Phonemic Consciousness?

The English language encompass 44 distinctive sounds, or phonemes. Phonemic consciousness is the flexibility to determine these letter sounds and mix them collectively to type phrases. 

Phonemic consciousness doesn’t require that youngsters acknowledge letters in written type. Somewhat, it requires youngsters to acknowledge the sounds letters make. For instance, a toddler who shows phonemic consciousness won’t know that the phrase CAT begins with the letter C. As an alternative, they’d acknowledge that it begins with the phoneme /okay/.

Phonemes don’t at all times have a direct visible correlation to the letters that signify the sound. The letters PH, for instance, use the phoneme /f/, whereas the phoneme /s/ will be represented by both a C or an S. The grid beneath reveals all 44 phonemes, with examples.

Letter Recognition

Letter recognition is the flexibility to determine a letter that’s being proven or to select a particular letter from amongst a bunch of different letters. As mother and father, it may be tempting to start by instructing capital letters. This is smart as a result of they’re simpler to put in writing. The difficulty is, we write in a mixture of capital and lowercase letters. Which implies that instructing solely capital letters leaves youngsters at an obstacle. 

As an alternative, concentrate on studying capital and lowercase letters collectively. Train your little ones not solely to acknowledge the letters, however {that a} letter makes the identical sound, no matter how it’s printed.

Phonics and early studying

Phonics is the connection between letters and sounds. 

As mother and father, we could also be tempted to toss all of the sounds a letter could make at a child directly: “That is an A and it could actually say ah or ay. We are able to spell it a, ay, ai, a-e, ei, eigh, or ey.”

However that a lot info will simply confuse youngsters. Studying is a cumulative course of. It should be taken one step at a time, with every step constructing on the following. 

Beneath are the ten phases of phonics:

Stage 1: Consonant and quick vowel sounds

Start by instructing consonants and quick vowel sounds within the context of CVC phrases. CVC stands for consonant-vowel-consonant. These are phrases like rag, hen, fib, however, and cub. Through the use of CVC phrases, youngsters don’t have to fret about mixing a number of consonants. As an alternative, they’ll concentrate on particular person phonemes and the quick vowel sound in every phrase. And since quick vowel sounds are constant, youngsters can extra simply be taught to acknowledge and grasp them.

When specializing in quick vowel sounds, encourage your reader to sound out a number of phrases in a row utilizing the identical vowel. This repetition is essential to studying a sound. As soon as your reader has mastered one quick vowel sound, then it’s time to maneuver on to the following.

For an entire checklist of quick vowel phrase lists, phrase households, and actions just like the one beneath, head on over to Cost Mommy Books for articles similar to What’s the Quick I Sound

Stage 2: Consonant blends

As soon as your youngster has mastered quick vowel sounds, it’s time to begin mixing consonants. This can be a bit tougher as youngsters want to listen to extra sounds collectively. Some consonant blends embody gr, bl, and tr.

Stage 3: Double letters and digraphs

Digraphs are two letters collectively that make one sound, similar to ck, ph, and ng. Double letters seem in phrases similar to off, buzz, and pull.

Stage 4: CVCe phrases

Lengthy vowel sounds will be difficult. Do not forget that checklist of sounds for A above? Seven of these eight spellings make the identical lengthy A sound. Which implies that instructing lengthy vowels is a course of. 

Begin with CVCe phrases similar to cake, rice, and dice.

Stage 5: Phrase ending spelling patterns

Some phrases finish oddly, and studying to acknowledge these spelling patterns may help youngsters advance their studying. Common spelling patterns to show embody -tch, -dge, -all, -oll, -ull, -le and -y.

Stage 6: R-controlled vowels

Phrases like for and automobile appear to be they need to use quick vowels, however they don’t. The R controls the sounds, altering it to one thing else. R-controlled vowels embody: ar, or, ore, er, ir, and ur.

Stage 7: Vowel groups (lengthy vowels)

Vowel groups are two vowels that work collectively to type a brand new sound. They embody ai, ay, ee, ea (as in bead), oa, ow (as in row), ie, and igh.

Stage 8: Different vowel groups

These embody oo (as in quickly), oo (as in guide), ew, ui, ue, au, aw, augh, ea (as in head), and ea (as in break).

Stage 9: Dipthongs

A dipthong is a sound shaped when two vowel sounds seem in a single syllable, as within the letters oi, oy, ou, and ow (as in cow).

Stage 10: Silent letters

Typically letters don’t make any sound in any respect. These embody: kn, wr, gn, gh, mb, and silent t (as in hear).

As your youngsters work by every new sound, you’ll discover that the outdated sounds they mastered come increasingly simply till they’re studying to learn phrases they by no means thought they may! And once you’re prepared, don’t neglect to take a look at our new Quick Vowel sound decodable readers!

Concerning the creator

Brooke Vitale is a youngsters’s guide editor, creator, and proud founding father of Cost Mommy Books (chargemommybooks.com), an unbiased writer of playful, high-quality tales that youngsters can actually get pleasure from. She has written over 100 books, together with The Magic Is in You, The Mandalorian: A Clan of Two, Goonies: An Illustrated Basic, and her new Cost Into Studying Early Reader sequence, that includes the extent 1 early readers Caught Duck, Bug Hunt, Find out how to Decide a Pet, and I Am Not a Rooster, in addition to her upcoming line of quick vowel sound decodable readers. Brooke spent greater than fifteen years as an editor at distinguished publishing corporations, together with Penguin Books for Younger Readers and Disney Publishing. She now runs brookevitale.com, a web site devoted to serving to aspiring authors navigate the publishing and self-publishing trade. Brooke will be discovered on Fb @BrookeVitaleBooks and @ChargeMommyBooks, and on Instagram @brooke.vitale and @chargemommybooks.

Thanks Brooke! That is incredible details about studying to learn! In the event you’re on the lookout for extra suggestions, click on right here for a complete sequence about tips on how to educate studying!
Completely happy Educating,


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